Washington committed to withdraw foreign forces from Afghanistan: US Govt
29 January, 2019
A senior US government official, speaking after six days of US peace talks with Afghan Taliban militants, said on Monday that Washington was committed to withdrawing foreign forces from Afghanistan to end more than 17 years of war.
The official, who declined to be identified, described “significant progress” in talks last week with the Taliban in Qatar about a foreign troop pullout, but more negotiations were needed on a ceasefire and its timing.
“Of course we don’t seek a permanent military presence in Afghanistan,” the official said in the capital Kabul. “Our goal is to help bring peace in Afghanistan and we would like a future partnership, newly defined with a post peace government,” the official told Reuters. “We would like to leave a good legacy.”
There could not be a withdrawal without a ceasefire, the official said.
The issue looms as a sticking point in the next round of talks on Feb. 25, with the US official saying Taliban negotiators wanted a full withdrawal before a ceasefire.
Despite the presence of US-led foreign forces training, advising and assisting their Afghan counterparts, the Taliban control nearly half of Afghanistan and stage near-daily attacks against the Western-backed Afghan government and its security forces.
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani said last week that 45,000 members of the country’s security forces had been killed since he took office in 2014. There were reports last month that the United States was considering pulling out almost half of its forces, but a White House spokesman said US President Donald Trump had not issued orders to withdraw. However, the administration has not denied the reports.
Both US officials and the hardliner Islamic group hailed progress after the talks on Saturday with US special peace envoy Zalmay Khalilzad. He told the New York Times on Monday that a draft framework had been completed but details still needed to be fleshed out.
Taliban sources said that the United States had agreed on the withdrawal of foreign troops within 18 months of the signing of a pact but the US official said a timeline was not discussed.
The United States has about 14,000 troops in Afghanistan as part of a NATO-led mission and a US counter-terrorism mission largely directed at groups such as Islamic State and al Qaeda.
Some 8,000 troops from 38 other countries are participating in the operation, known as Resolute Support. The official said progress was made on addressing core US concerns that Afghanistan will not be used as a base by al Qaeda or Islamic State for attacks against the United States and its allies.
“That is why we came to Afghanistan in the first place,” the official said.
Apart from the ceasefire, the Taliban did not discuss the need for talks with the Afghan government to reach a durable political settlement, the US official said. The Taliban have repeatedly refused to talk to the Afghan government, which they see as a puppet of the United States, throwing into question how effective a peace deal could really be. The Taliban do want, however, to join an interim government post-deal – something that alarms Ghani.
Khalilzad, an Afghan-born American diplomat, met Ghani for four hours on Sunday to outline progress and seek his support. In response, Ghani said in a televised address that the presence of foreign forces was based on an international agreement and they will not be required for ever. “No Afghans want foreign forces in their country for the long term,” Ghani said.
Afghanistan said on Monday it has been reassured by Washington that progress in talks with the Taliban remains geared towards facilitating peace negotiations with the government in Kabul. Afghan president Ashraf Ghani also called on the Taliban to “enter serious talks” with the government in Kabul, following unprecedented marathon negotiations between the insurgents and the US in Qatar last week. “I call on the Taliban to… show their Afghan will, and accept Afghans’ demand for peace, and enter serious talks with the Afghan government,” he said in a nationally televised address from the presidential palace in Kabul.
US special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad arrived in Afghanistan late Sunday to update officials, including President Ashraf Ghani, on six days of talks with Taliban representatives in Qatar. Both the US and the Taliban have cited ‘progress’ as hopes rise that the unprecedented length of the negotiations could mean a deal paving the way to Afghan peace talks may be in sight, although sticking points remain.
But Afghan authorities have previously complained of being excluded from the discussions, and warned that any deal between the US and the Taliban would require Kabul’s endorsement. “The US insisted in their talks with the Taliban that the only solution for lasting peace in Afghanistan is intra-Afghan talks,” Khalilzad said, according to a statement released by the presidential palace in Kabul.
“My role is to facilitate” such talks between the insurgents and Kabul, Khalilzad said according to Ghani, adding that the discussions are ongoing. The Taliban have long refused to negotiate with the Afghan government, branding them as “puppets”.