Energy crisis in Pakistan... By Kainat
26 July, 2012
Pakistan has been facing an unprecedented energy crisis since the last few years, which has seriously affected its people. The gap between demand and supply has been constantly widening. People are spending sleepless nights in summer. Acute power outages have seriously paralysed the commercial and economic activities in the country.
This acute shortage of power reflects the shortsightedness of our policy makers. Shortage of power supply has assumed the role of a fundamental necessity, becoming a serious policy dilemma. It needs sustained efforts and long-term policies to overcome this crisis. Sincere effort is required to ensure sustained and consistent supply of energy.
If we examine the present energy profile of Pakistan, it is meeting its energy requirements from different sources. Pakistan is generating 48 percent of its electricity from gas, 33 percent from hydel, 17 percent from oil, two percent from nuclear and one percent from coal. If we examine the figures, it is clear that Pakistan is underutilising its natural resources to generate electricity.
One of the dilemmas is the non-exploitation of indigenous resources. We have failed to exploit those resources that nature has bestowed upon us. We have not properly tapped our natural resources, even though we could have met our energy crisis by doing that. Looking into the administrative causes of the energy crisis, lack of proper planning is the most important. Lack of proper conservation methods is another cause of the energy crisis.
The energy crisis has led to a negative impact on direct foreign investment. Investors require a sustained, secure and cheap power supply in any country. In Pakistan, no such facility is available because of which many investors are not willing to come forth.
The long-term solution of the energy crisis is to build mega dams to store water and generate electricity. Government power bodies like WAPDA and KESC should initiate plans to supply energy.
In a nutshell, energy is the lifeline of a nation and plays a vital role in national progress and economic development of any country. It needs sincere and dedicated efforts of our policy makers to find solutions to meet the energy requirements of the nation.