Energy crisis... By Fatima
04 January, 2014
Pakistan is suffering from an extreme shortage of energy despite the fact that it is rich in coal and gas reserves. Pakistan's energy sector is full of viruses, ranging from circular debt to a crippling dependence on expensive imported oil. Lack of alternative in the renewable energy sector has resulted in energy shortfalls. Pakistan is naturally blessed with abundant sunlight. With this plentiful sunshine, it has a huge potential to produce electricity with solar energy in the remote areas of Sindh and Balochistan. These provinces are underdeveloped where a majority of the population lives in villages without electricity. Solar energy can be ideal here as insolation (a measure of solar radiation energy on a given surface) is highest in the province. The looming energy crisis is due to incompetence, structural reasons, bad governance and corruption.
Wind is yet another viable option to generate power as our country has natural potential for generating wind energy. Several wind towers can be installed which can increase generation capacity between 7,000 to 10,000 MW. We have resources available and it can be done without any foreign assistance by utilising our own technical expertise to make wind turbines. The country needs a homegrown power shortage solution. It is suggested that rather than enforcing inane concerns in this sector and also in order to come out of this crisis we need to settle the problem ourselves. The only thing lacking is the requisite drive that is free from kickbacks and bribes. Private concerns can be encouraged in this sector instead of discouraging them. Only in this way will we be able to come out of the energy mess we are currently in.