Pakistan News Service

Thursday Nov 23, 2017, Rabi-al-awwal 4, 1439 Hijri
Logo Logo
LATEST :

Implications Of US-India Nuclear Deal

08 August, 2007

By Dr Sandeep Pandey


  Related News  
US to sell $20bn arms to Saudi Arabia
India's Krasnopol 155mm LGM Shells: Defective
  Related Articles  
U.S. Daydreaming - Asian Pacific Leadership
By Zaheerul Hassan
Indo-US Strategic Dialogues & Regional Stability
By Zaheerul Hassan
  More on this View All

The US is having a difficult time trying to justify the US-India nuclear deal as part of which the 123 agreement has just been concluded guaranteeing India full civil nuclear cooperation. As the text of the agreement is released 3 days prior to the Hiroshima day, there is consternation among people believing in a world free of nuclear weapons. After imposing sanctions on India after its nuclear tests in 1974 and 1998, US is ultimately according the status of a nuclear weapons state under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty to it without formally saying so. The US is willing to do business with India in nuclear technology and materials as with any other nuclear weapons or non-nuclear weapons State party to the NPT. As a non-signatory State to the Treaty India is not supposed to derive this privilege. However, under the Deal India is being given the benefits which have been made available to some very close allies of the US like Japan or EURATOM, making other NPT members wonder the utility of their acceding to the Treaty.

US seems to be more worried about business interests of its corporations than the more worthy cause of disarmament and it has once again proved that to maintain its global hegemony it does not mind throwing all national and international norms and laws to the wind. With Nicholas Burns, the chief diplomat-architect of the 123 agreement, hinting at subsequent non-nuclear military cooperation with what he describes as a 'soon to be the largest country in the world,' we are going to see more of a unipolar world, posing threat to the smaller countries around the world, especially the unfortunate ones out of favour with the US Government. It is quite clear that US wants to court India as a strategic ally with the objective of developing joint military capabilities and perhaps even establishing military bases on Indian territory, that it is willing to play along the Indian nuclear ambitions. The recent stop over of US nuclear powered aircraft carrier Nimitz, recently used in Persian Gulf as a warning to Iran and possibly carrying nuclear weapons, at the port of Chennai in violation of India's stated policy of not allowing transit of foreign nuclear weapons through its territorial waters, is a sign of things to come.

At the preparatory committee meeting for the 2010 NPT review conference held in May-June, 2007 in Vienna, the New Agenda Coalition countries, Ireland, Brazil, Egypt, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa and Sweden along with Japan have urged India, besides Pakistan and Israel, to accede to the NPT as non-nuclear weapons States in order to accomplish universality of the Treaty. Under the Treaty a nuclear weapons State has been defined as the one which has manufactured and exploded a nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device prior to 1 January, 1967. It would really be a misnomer to have India (and Pakistan and Israel) inside the NPT as non-nuclear weapons State. So, the US is doing the next best thing. It says that by signing the deal with India it is bringing India into the non-proliferation regime as more of India's nuclear facilities will now be subjected to IAEA safeguards. As part of the negotiations India has agreed to bifurcate its nuclear activity into clearly identified civilian and military categories, with the provision of former being open to IAEA inspections. The US has agreed upon this India specific deal as an exception, in spite of resistance from within and without, because it thinks that India has not contributed to proliferation. It is a different matter, though, that by conducting nuclear explosions twice India has violated the global non-proliferation regime, instigating Pakistan to do the same. North Korea was also emboldened to come out of NPT because of India's brazen transgression. India has consistently refused to sign the NPT, CTBT or FMCT. It is amazing how India has come this far with the US, outraging the modesty of international community, and extracted significant concessions in the Deal.

Against the spirit of the Henry Hyde Act, if India decides to conduct another nuclear test or violates IAEA safeguards agreement, US will not immediately exercise its right of return of materials and technology but, giving due considerations to circumstances which prompted India's action, will ensure the continuity of India's nuclear fuel supply from other sources around the world. The text of the 123 Agreement has even gone as far as identifying France, Russia and the UK as potential suppliers in the eventuality of US terminating its supply. And even if the US exercises right of return, India will be suitably compensated. Moreover, US would support India to build up a strategic nuclear fuel reserve ensuring that India will not be stranded like it was when fuel for Tarapur plant was stopped after India's first testing. The issue which clinched the 123 agreement was India's offer to subject a new reprocessing facility, which will be built exclusively for this purpose, to IAEA safeguards in return for the consent to reprocess the spent fuel, even though the current US President is on record saying that enrichment and reprocessing are not necessary for a country to move forward with nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. India will be free to maintain and develop its nuclear arsenal. The Deal will not have any impact on this. In fact, with external resources available for its nuclear energy programme, it will be able to divert its internal resources for strengthening its strategic programme. 8 nuclear reactors out of 22 and an upcoming Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor will remain dedicated for military purpose outside the purview of IAEA. Hence, in essence, India will enjoy all the powers of a nuclear weapons State under the NPT, especially if the Nuclear Suppliers Group of 45 countries also yields to the US-like concessions to India. The US is going to campaign with the NSG to engage in nuclear trade with India after it has helped India sign an agreement with IAEA on safeguards, because it has to seek another approval of the Congress before the deal will be considered final. It is intriguing how Australia, Canada, South Africa and others are only too willing to go along with the US desire so that they can do business with India giving up their long standing commitment to non-proliferation.

23 US lawmakers have written a letter to the US President on July 25, 2007, expressing concern over India's growing ties with Iran including in the domain of defense partnership. It must be remembered that India is considering a very important deal with Iran on the Iran-Pakistan-India gas pipeline. Considering that the Energy Information Administration of the US has, in its International Energy Outlook 2007, predicted largest proportion of the new capacity addition worldwide for electricity generation until 2030 in the form of gas fired technologies, which are also better from the point of view of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, it is more likely that India will give equal if not more importance to its relationship with Iran.  Deal with Iran is also one of the rare things where Indian and Pakistani interests converge. Hence it should not surprise anybody if the gas pipeline deal with Iran dominates the nuclear deal with US in the Indian and regional context at least for a couple of decades to come.

India claims that with this deal the global order has been changed. And it is right. It has upset the non-proliferation regime. Globally and regionally it is going to lead to reconfiguration of forces, possibly leading to a renewed arms race. The National Command Authority of Pakistan, which oversees the nuclear programme there, chaired by President Musharraf has already expressed its displeasure at the Deal and pledged to maintain (read upgrade) its credible minimum deterrence. Pakistan views this deal as disturbing the regional strategic stability and has asserted that it cannot remain oblivious to its security requirements. A International Panel on Fissile Materials report predicts at least four to five times increase in India's weapons grade plutonium production rate. The present Indian stock is estimated to be sufficient for about 100 nuclear warheads. This is obviously alarming for Pakistan. What India and Pakistan need, in the interest of people of the sub-continent, is a mutually reassuring deal to suspend the nuclear arms race rather than something which will fuel the nuclear fire. The peace process undertaken by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President Pervez Musharraf is in the danger of being eclipsed by the US-India nuclear deal. 

Reader Comments:

Uni-Polar Stategies

Embedding the nuclear deal in wide-ranging strategic cooperation

Presumably the need to justify the increasing closeness with the US to a domestic constituency is also costing policy makers in Delhi some sleepless nights. The overly ebullient “Let a new chapter begin” article has called on them to think beyond the nuclear deal to expand the ambit of India-US cooperation. In this instance, as it happens, the implementation has preceded the recommendation. The so-called expanded “cooperation” has already been initiated and has not been accorded an enthusiastic reception except by India’s ruling classes consisting—along with other groups--of such elite circles as the Confederation of Indian Industry and the associated upper crust of Indian society, the gilded and the glittering, who have in Arundhati Roy’s eloquent formulation effectively seceded from the rest of India. The inking of the Manmohan Singh-Bush civil nuclear cooperation agreement in July 2005 took place in the immediate wake of the signing of the New Framework for US-India Defense Cooperation by then External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee. The India visit by President Bush in March 2006 witnessed the signing of a slew of agreements on a broad range of issues encompassing science and technology, trade and agriculture. The implications of such expanded interaction have been studied in some detail in the pages of the Economic and Political Weekly. In a meticulously argued essay that appeared soon after the Bush visit to India, the scientist T. Jayaraman examined the political, economic, military and technological dimensions of India-US “co-operation.” [2.] Along with other categories of data, the scientist has highlighted the demand in the US-India CEO Forum report for a rollback in price controls of items on the essential drugs list. Given the potentially devastating nature of such a policy transformation, it is impossible not to conclude with T. Jayaraman that the price of the deal, in terms of US expectations for strategic compromises across the board over a broad spectrum of sectors, is far too high for India to pay.

“I don’t think the country is yet willing to recognize the U.S. is a benign power”

At present an upward spiral in the pricing of essential drugs may constitute no more than a specter in the nightmares of working class India. Or an anticipatory gleam in the eye of a Novartis or Eli Lilly CEO. The consequences of intensified defense cooperation between India and the US on the other hand have already come home to roost. As substantial protests by workers, intellectuals and Left Parties at the recent docking in the Chennai harbor of the aircraft carrier, the USS Nimitz showed, the response from sections of both the government and the public has not been supportive of official Indian policy. Despite efforts on the part of high-placed naval officers and the Prime Minister himself to play down the implications of the warship’s presence in Indian territorial waters, Indians in significant numbers have perceived the USS Nimitz as a symbol of the remorseless US death machine, launching illegal and unprovoked war, laying nations waste and condemning their peoples to the horrors of life under occupation. The disclaimers from all the Prime Minister’s men were woefully inadequate to masking the real purpose of USS Nimitz’s presence in Asian waters—to menace the Persian Gulf with its deadly cargo until word is given to let slip the dogs of war on Iran. Efforts by advocates of the India-US strategic partnership to make light of the difference between US and Indian positions on Iraq succeed only in trivializing the devastation visited on the West Asian state by the United States. Such heartless, morally repugnant discourse will accomplish little by way of reconciling the politically informed sections of the Indian public to the impending embedding of the Indian military with the murderous American war machine. Little wonder that the syntax of National Security Advisor M.K.Narayanan became extraordinarily convoluted-- “I don’t think the country is yet willing to recognize the U.S. is a benign power”--when he was asked first if India should be willing to play in the future the role of a Britain in Asia and then more bluntly if the US military had been granted access to Indian bases as quid pro quo for civilian nuclear cooperation

Shokat Saleem, Georgia - 08 August, 2007

Giving the gun to be shot in future with the same gun.

This US-India deal is more for sake of nuclear weapons acquisition by India rather than electrical power. This program at a cost of 35 billion dollars or more and consisting of 20 fast breeder and nuclear reactors will help India make 60-100 bombs a year. It will even help India make very much more powerful H-BOMBS as well.Any country with admix of 1000 H-Bombs and A-Bombs becomes a super power automatically.

But, electrical power energy through this grandly promoted treaty is only 8000 megawatt. IPI WITH EXPENSE OF ONLY 7 billion USD has capacity to generate more than 25000 megawatt power even with the GE constructed gas to power plants with normal 40-50 percent conversion factor.

But, there are tremendous road blocks and dangers in future more for America and less for Pakistan.As the American generals warned Mr Bush and it will be distinct and real possibilty and must happening when America hears this on some fine morning words as such:

"SORRY, YOUR TIME IS OVER. NOW, IT IS OUR TURN."

I would'nt trust even my brother if he is drunk with might and riches.

And China and russia have also accelerating their efforts to build mega nuclear arsenals as China is also starting to work day and night to get out of the rut of only 300-400 nukes. Even China will need 1000 nukes as soon as possible to be a super power. Invigorated China and Russia and India could easily turn mono-polar world into multi polar world.

But, India's terrible and helplessly poor state of energy insecurity is going to pull India away from the US aim of swaying it to US side.

Even if India is twisted to shun away from IPI, it will be begging for cheaper and the only economic optioned Iranian gas through IPI and that will come through Pak territory.

INDIA AND PAKISTAN WILL BE BEGGING IRAN FOR NOT JUST ONE, BUT MANY IPI LIKE PIPE LINES.THAT GAS ENERGY SOURCE FROM IRAN WILL CARRY 10, 20 OR THIRTY TIMES MORE ENERGY THAN THE 35 BILLION DOLLARS US-INDIA NUCLEAR DEAL CONSISTING OF 20 REACTORS AND ABLE TO PRODUCE ONLY 8000 MEGAWATTS AND MAY TAKE A DECADE TO BUILD. EVEN THE NUCLEAR ENGINEERING IN AMERICA IS RETIRED OR GONE AS AMERICA HAS NOT BUILT A SINGLE NEW REACTOR ON ITS OWN SOIL IN THE PAST 30 YEARS OR SO.FRANCE IS THE ONLY COUNTRY WITH FRESH AND LATTEST EXPERIENCE IN BUILDING NUCLEAR REACTORS AS MOST OF FRENCH POWER IS FROM NUCLEAR, WHILE AMERICA'S IS FROM COAL.

IPI WILL BE MUST NEED FOR THE VERY SURVIVAL OF INDIA IN THE FACE OF TERRIBLE ENERGY INSECURITY.EVEN THE OIL REFINING CAPACITY OF INDIA IS PROJECTED TO BE ABOUT 4 MILLION BARRELS PER DAY BY 2020 FROM CURRENT 2.6 MILLION BPD.

THREE OR FOUR PIPELINES OF IPI SIZE CAN SUPPLY MORE ENERGY AT HALF PRICE OR LESS AND WILL BE THE ONLY ANSWER FOR THE ENERGY SECURITY OF SOUTH ASIA. THOSE IPI PIPE LINES WILL TIE TOGETHER INDIA, PAKISTAN AND IRAN WITH THE MOST ENERGY SECURITY SOURCE FOR SOUTH ASIA.

PAKISTAN AND INDIA WILL BE EMBRACING EACH OTHER WITH ENERGY RELATED MARRIAGE. PAKS WILL BE NEUTRAL AND ONLY ON THE SIDE OF PEACE IF SOME ONE TELLS OFF AMERICA IN FUTURE WITH WORDS AS SUCH:

"SORRY, YOUR TIME IS OVER. NOW, IT IS OUR TURN."

AMERICAN ARMY GENERALA WARNED BUSH ON SUCH FUTURE SCENARIOS. PAKISTAN IS A SMALL FISH IN THE POND AND PAKS CAN ONLY AFFORD TO THRIVE ON PEACE AND PEACE ONLY. AND THIS PEACE HAS TO BE BOTH EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL.

LET THE OTHERS WISHFUL PLAY WITH DANGERS AND ANNIHILATIONS OF FUTURE AND THAT IS NOT THA PAK'S DOMAIN OF EXISTENCE.

Anwar Mahmood, Canada - 09 August, 2007

Neuclear Deal

The current situation in India begs for alternate and cheap source of energy. Whether it comes through neuclear or wind or solar, that is immaterial. Indian administration so far imitates China, as per as policy decisions are concerned. China is investing huge amount for neuclear power. So, India is also doing the same. China is part of ITER, India is also same. Those who bring neuclear weapon matters, should think rationally as per as China is concerned. China is a criminal state. Taiwan, South Korea,Tibet and India know that very well (Sikkim surrendered to India for the fear of China. Plight of Tibetans are well known).
As per as relationship with US is concerned, we had missed the bus long back. We have got curse in form of Nehru and Indira Gandhi as prime ministers. They have tried to be tall leaders at the expense of the country. Nehru's fascination for socialism and China has brought nothing positive; China attacked India. India was part of NAM and opposed Israel; moslem countries supported tribal invastion of Kashmir. Every time India is attacked ( by Pakistan and China), Israel has provided arms and ammunition to defend US.
Look at South Korea. They had no so called great prime minister like Nehru. With the help of USA they have developed their country.Defeat of Sashi Tharoor has shown the actual status of India. India is poor country . It is receiving and need help from USA; this is reality. If we gain something from the closeness with USA, then we may loose something for USA. This is simple arithmatic.
As per as middle east is concerned, let the people there decide how to stay in peace.
In 1991, all the countries attacked Iraq. So, the blood of Iraq has stained everybodies hand (including India). For those who blame USA; what you people were doing when Iraqi children were deprived of medicine and food as part of sanction. Currently, the major sponsor of Iraq's problem is Saudi Arabia and Iran. If Iraq problem worsens Saudi,Iran and Syria should be punished.

Nikus, Hungary - 09 August, 2007

Use NUKE or Any available Resource by Purchasing

Why quarrel? Learn and solve. Fossil (F) Electricity light (EL) is by 70 % via Power plant (PP) other EL is by Nuke PP Hydroelectric HEPP.Almighty God’s Light is everywhere without above.Fossil is Coal Gas Petroleum.Then fossil is also petroleum coke, refinery gas, coke oven gas, blast furnace gas, and liquefied petroleum gas. Coal (C) is equally good with CPP with Emission (E) control. Reduced sulfur dioxide Nitrogen oxide emissions is needed .In USA more than half EL is by coal which emits in millions of tons in atmosphere.Many countries such as India Have huge coal.There is no reason not to use coal with E control.There is no Reason not to use Coal to heat or cook food with E control.Greed for PPP and Petroleum(P) resulted due to loss of Shah Iran Iran-Iraq war WMD invasion of Iraq.Gas(G) GPP demand (primarily natural gas) to heat homes and serve business and industry has historically taken priority.Use other source such as wood wind Battery Solar. Nuclear(N)-NPP is more than 15%.Hyroelectricty(HE)PP need water as .Renewable energy source-.Why Renewable Energy(RE) RPP accounts for less than 1% Why?REPP can be based on renewable energy sources include other gas, geothermal, solar, and biomass. Biomass can include black liquor, pitch, peat, railraod ties, sludge wood, wood/wood waste, spent sulfite liquor, red liquor ,agricultural byproducts, fish oil, liquid acetonitrile waste, landfill gas, municipal solid waste, sludge waste, straw, tires, waste alcohol, solid byproducts, tall oil.There is no reason not to use RE with PP or for home heating and cooking.Intelligence(I) is needed to use brain to use least expensive for home heating cooking and light.It is absurd people dying due to cold sitting in darkness or dying
Due to lack of electricity or flood.Govt and municipal with incompetent managers
Ministers and their technical professors engineers have no brain or utilisation of brain.
For $120 one of my Utility company by fraud collected $10,000 from me but still disconnected utility (heat And cook).I went to Rental premises with tenants paying $5000/month gone suing me for damage.I went there and I Used $90 power plant to use electric light in one apartment for a day and used few cents fuel. I found 2ftx3 ft metal thin sheet. In 5 minutes I converted it manually to cook steak as BBQ with total emission control Using free coal I found with very little emission to air using free coal (or charcoal pieces worth few cents). The amount of heat it generated seem sufficient to cook for a family Of 4 entire Indian style dinner and heat an apartment or huge room while making BBQ indoor (with 20 cents of coal for one evening). This proved Coal is equally good with my style of cooking heating indoor BBQ with E-control which will take few cents for an evening to provide with Re use –able 2x3 sheet worth one US$ (dollar) as PP or by using old fire-place which is getting wasted without use and without Santa clause descending.


Z.Billo, United Arab Emirates - 12 August, 2007

Indo US UN IB move in context

Behind Indo USA deals or deals rally everywhere…

I.5 Billion spokepersons' rallied via 80,000 (yesterday) took place .They were rallying in Jakarta under Hizb-ut-tahrir(formed in Jerusalem (Israel) 1953 after 1948 Jewish independence) with Jews-HT(with hizbut tahrir) dedicated for caliphate to undo anarchy everywhere in UMMA.This is reinforced with Indo USA deal to maintain law-order in the event of loose Nuke under Pak Uniform after
Lalhafsa failed to achieve objective of Islam as a ruler within one Islamic State.

Without anarchy in Pakistan will take place when President Terms of office under uniform ends in December as per BB in an interview to BBC (few days ago).

Imagine Pakistan with Islamic Banking as unifying factor rather than Military due to
Indo USA deal . All deal ends up in rallying to avoid anarchy as Caliphate as one state or under Islamic Banking IMF BB and PM without uniform IDB banking currency working
Under Euro or USA dollar is deal with Israel or 1953 creation under hizbut tahrir written.Tahris means written.
For the stability of Umma under one roof of IB sign everywhere and under UN supervising peace to control anarchy in Caliphate world (including Pakistan).


B_LaL, Hungary - 12 August, 2007


Happy birthday, my dear, big India



WE ARE the tenth largest economy worldwide, but 25 per cent, i.e. 250 million Indians, subsist below the poverty line. We spend 4.8 per cent of GDP on health, 4.1 per cent on education. But we spend eight per cent of budget on defence, for not having made peace with neighbours.

Transnational select directors/chairmen, from India, but we cannot identify a prime minister who is not a Nehru-Gandhi family loyalist. We swear by non - violence but religious groups indulge in shameful rioting every few years. We are a global economy, but pay the president and prime minister, pathetic salaries of $1,250 a month.

We foster entrepreneurship, yet New Delhi is a bizarre maze of licences, controls. Leaders of integrity like Buddha, Mahavir and Gandhiji were born here. But a sheet of paper does not move, in the corridors of power, without financial lubrication. We had a woman prime minister for years, now a woman president, but we kill thousands of baby girls a day, before birth!

We send our troops to embattled countries, under UN umbrellas to save lives, but 100,000 farmers committed suicide in a few years, due to financial insolvency. Our president lives in a palace of 300 bedrooms, but about 40 to 50 million Indians sleep in the streets or fields every day.

We have talked of metamorphosing Mumbai into a Shanghai for a decade, but the annual monsoons transform the city into a stinking pond. We are IT service providers to the world, via BOP, but 39 per cent of Indians cannot read and write.

We are a nuclear power, but have power cuts in the capital; countless villages have yet to get electricity. We have the Ganges, Godhavri pouring tones of fresh waters into the oceans, but 14 per cent of Indians do not have access to clean processed drinking water. We hail the joint family tradition, but Mother Theresa had to coach us to care for the elderly and sick.

We have amongst the best “intelligence agencies” worldwide, but liquor is stolen from the plane of the prime minister, when he travels. We are readying Indian astronauts to go to space, moon, but cannot clean the gutters that the British built for Bombay city 100 years ago.

We play international hosts to refugees from countries like Bangladesh, but then let them fester on footpaths. Our doctors are famed across the world, but at home we have half a doctor (0.6) per 1,000 people, and one hospital bed (0.9) per 1,000 people. Our engineers build the world, atomic power projects in Brazil, but we cannot build a water taxi system to cover our massive coastline to relieve road congestion.

We have massive unemployment; hence we can hire the same people to rally for an ideology today, and the opposite ideology tomorrow, for a tea, snack and $1. Our entrepreneurs buy airlines across the world, but we do not have enough metros, trains, buses in our cities. Our marriages are arrangements, not partnerships. If the bride is not educated, the bridegroom harangues her for dowry; if the bride is educated, she blackmails the bridegroom with threats of alimony.

We bid for the Asian, Olympic Games, but do not have enough playgrounds for our schoolchildren.

We love big, wide international cars, but the width of most of our main trunk roads has remained unchanged at two or three lanes, for the last 60 years. We build flamboyant malls and towers, but about 250 million Indian do not have latrines attached to their homes. NRIs’ are one of the largest contributors to foreign exchange in the country, but they do not vote overseas, in the elections.

We pretend to shun worldly recognitions, but continue to be a fiercely jealous people. Sachin and Sania mesmerise us, but we do not set international training centres to nurture future world - class players. We are fickle, Amitabh has a small, private wedding for his son, he is snooty; he has an ostentatious wedding, he is wasting money!

We worship the cow, but let her stray all over our streets, uncared. We care for animals, but let thousands of sick, menacing dogs loaf in towns. Our rich donate millions to build new temples, but ignore the hungry, forlorn beggars standing outside these places of worship. Happy birthday, my big India!

RAJENDRA K. ANEJA
Dubai, UAE



aaa, Pakistan - 15 August, 2007

RAJENDRA K. ANEJA

Managing 1.2bn people with such diversity is not mean task. Large part of India was ravaged by islamic invaders and later british looters. Maintaining a national parliament for more than 50 years is not joke.
Regarding poverty and other stuff, our govt. offices are still like any other third world country. If we have got rid of this culture (introduced by nehru & Indira Gandhi) and Nehru and Indira Gandhi, we would have been in much better position.
In India, you will find working team of 20 with persons from Sikkim, Tripura,Gujrat,Jammu, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and still they form a very cohesive team, what you will call it? A staunch supporter of Tamil nationalism like M Karunanidhi proposing name of Pratibha Sekhawat, a maratha/rajput for the topmost constitutional post of the country,how will you explain this? Look at Iraq. Three ethnic groups are not able to form a qualition and stable govt. Rather they are killing each other with the help of neighbouring countries.

Nikus, Hungary - 15 August, 2007

 What do you think about the story ? Leave your comments!

Heading (Optional)
Your Comments: *

Your Name:*
E-mail (Optional):
City (Optional):
Country (Optional):
 
 
Field marked(*) are mandatory.
Note. The PakTribune will publish as many comments as possible but cannot guarantee publication of all. PakTribune keeps its rights reserved to edit the comments for reasons of clarity, brevity and morality. The external links like http:// https:// etc... are not allowed for the time being to be posted inside comments to discourage spammers.

  Speak Out View All
Military Courts
Imran - Qadri long march
 
Candid Corner
Exclusive by
Lt. Col. Riaz Jafri (Retd)
Pakistan itself a victim of state-sponsored terrorism: Qamar Bajwa
Should You Try Napping During the Workday?
Suggested Sites