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Bush’s plan for Iraq and the Middle East

15 February, 2007

By Abid Mustafa

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Over the past few months, the Bush administration in the backdrop of the Iraq Study Group’s (ISG) report has announced its plan for Iraq—apart from the Presidents refusal to formally engage Iran and Syria— the plan broadly concurs with the recommendation laid out by the ISG. Furthermore, the US has mobilised its surrogates in Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq and the gulf countries to implement this plan and prepare the ground for the emergence of a new middle east. What follows is a brief summary of what America is planning to achieve in Palestine, Iraq and Iran.


The present US effort undertaken by the US Secretary of State Dr. Rice to kick start the peace process between the Palestinians and the Israelis—as envisioned by the ISG—is for now, a mere symbolic gesture. Olmert’s government is deeply unpopular and is engulfed in numerous scandals. It is unlikely that Olmert will survive. Fresh elections will have to be scheduled to form a new Israeli government—likely to be a coalition government—this will delay the implementation of the road map. Despite Olmert’s obvious weakness, his government like its predecessor has sanctioned the construction of fresh settlements in West Bank— a move intended to foil the US attempts to re-start the peace process. The proposal elucidated by Israel’s Foreign Minister to advance negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis, which includes psuedo final status termed ‘political horizon’ is meaningless unless Israel puts a halt to fresh settlement activity and stops the excavation of Al-Aqsa mosque. The tactic of supporting the peace-process and then simultaneously undermining it to provoke the Palestinians into violence is an indelible feature of Israeli politics.

On the Palestinian front, the US under Israeli pressure refused to negotiate with Hamas and instead favoured Abbas to form a new unity government. It must be remembered that it was Abbas’s government which Israel systematically destroyed, and left the door ajar for Hamas to fill the political void and emerge victorious in the parliamentary election held last year. Olmert then proceeded to exploit Hamas’s militant credentials and its repudiation of Israel to cut short Palestinian demands for peace and continued unilaterally to redefine the road map.

Nevertheless, Israel’s defeat in Lebanon destroyed Olmert’s plan and presented the US with another opportunity to move the peace process forward. The US instructed Abbas to form a new government and told Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Syria to reign in Hamas and forge a unity government with Fatah. If the Mecca agreement between Fatah and Hamas fails to hold —the likelihood is very high—then America will want Abbas to convene fresh elections to consolidate the power of his Fatah party. Already the US, Israel and the EU have offered Abbas aid to augment his security forces in order to offset Hamas. The tussle between Hamas and Fatah will present Israel the pretext to unilaterally shape the peace process in the absence of a viable Palestinian partner. When Hamas and Fatah are not squabbling with one another, they will be busy retaliating against Israeli aggression in the occupied territories. This cycle of violence will pervade much of foreseeable future, stalling the quartet’s efforts to make headway on the road map.

Even if the US succeeds in forming unity governments in both Israel and Palestine, there is little the Bush and the epublican Party can do to rejuvenate the road map. With the 2008 US general elections looming, the Republican Party, as well as the Democratic Party requires the Jewish lobby’s support to get elected. The castigation of Jimmy Carter’s new book about Palestine, demonstrates the power of the Jewish lobby over US foreign policy in Palestine. This means that it will be 2009 before the US is able to mount enough pressure to coerce Israel to make necessary compromises with the Palestinians, and bring an end to the protracted dispute.


America’s plan is to carefully manage the disintegration of Iraq into three distinct entities and retain almost 70,000 troops. These troops will be stationed in bases scattered throughout Iraq and their function will be supplement future wars against Turkey, Syria, Iran, Saudi-Arabia and the much feared Caliphate. Whilst America controls the North and South of Iraq, it is the centre of the country where the US lacks control and has struggled to co-opt Sunni resistance fighters into a political process. Furthermore, the Al-Sadr camp has also refused to endorse the dismemberment of Iraq and poses a grave risk to US forces in Baghdad—Sadr City to be precise— and Southern Iraq.

Bush’s troop surge plan is ntended to curb the activities of the Sunni resistance fighters, the Mahdi army and other Shia tribes opposed to Iraq’s partition. The US military is determined to counter the Mahdi army which has made Sadr City a mainstay of its operations in Baghdad. The bastion of Sunni resistance such as Haifa Street in Baghdad and the Anbar province have been earmarked for a allujah type of assault. Politically, the US has enlisted Syrian and Iranian assistance via back door channels to encourage the Baathists and the Sadris to lay down arms in exchange for political rewards. In this way, the Bush administration hopes to pacify the centre and establish a strong foundation for the eventual dissolution of Iraq. To help the US accomplish this feat, an international conference will be convened where regional countries like Turkey, Syria, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia will be given the responsibility to protect US interests in the three new entities. Given the current magnitude and intensity of the resistance, the probability of this plan bearing fruit is remote. The US National Intelligence Estimate and the Council of Foreign Relations hold similar views. As a contingency the Bush administration plans on withdrawing some of its troops and shifting blame onto the Iraqi government for its failure to keep the unity of Iraq intact. If such a scenario were to unfold, Iraq’s disintegration would favour future US policy makers, but the Bush administration and his Republican Party would lose the support of US voters in the US general election. A far greater blow will be the erosion of America’s credibility internationally among friends and foe alike.

The current opposition to Bush’s troop surge plan in the US congress and the senate is non-binding and has more to do with politicians repositioning themselves for the forthcoming US general election in 2008.  This also explains why the aker-Hamilton report set 2008 as the year to bring a significant proportion of US troops home. The Republican Party wants to

convey the impression to US voters—in particular the staunch Republican constituencies— that Bush’s plan worked and that the GOP is best placed to serve the country beyond 2008.

None of this should be seen as belittling America’s commitment to the Middle East. The announcement by US defence secretary Gates that a further 92,000 troops are required in the next five years underlines the fact that the US does not intend to leave Iraq or the Middle East for the foreseeable future.


Bush’s refusal to publicly engage Iran, his aggressive remarks against Iran in the State of the Union address, the subsequent apprehension of Iranian diplomats by US forces, the deployment of patriot batteries and the dispatch of an additional aircraft carrier to the Persian Gulf has  increased speculation that the US is about to launch an attack against Iran.

Nonetheless, the Bush administration has gone out of its way to reassure the world that America has no plans to attack Iran.

On Jan 29 2007 Bush said, “I have no intent upon going into Iran... I don't know how anybody can say, well, protecting the troops means that we're going to invade Iran... we will protect our interests in Iraq. That's what the American people expect

us to do…” On Feb 9 207 Gates said, “I don't know how many times the president, secretary of state Condoleezza Rice and I have had to repeat that we have no intention of attacking Iran.”

Meanwhile, the Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Seyed Mohammad Ali Hosseini on Jan 28 2007 revealed that Iran had received an official letter from the US but refused to divulge any details. Ostensibly, the Iranian government despite being publicly derided by the Bush administration continues to promote US interests in Iran, and neighbouring Afghanistan and Iraq. The backlash against Ahmadinejad by sections of the conservative leadership over his handling of the nuclear issue is just one such example. In Iraq, Tehran continues to extend support to the leader of SCIRI, ayatollah Hakim and the Badr Brigade who have become the lynchpin of US plans for Southern Iraq. In Afghanistan, Iran runs extensive reconstruction and training programmes in Kabul, Herat and Kandahar. Thus far, Iran has successfully prevented the Pushtun resistance from spreading to Northern Afghanistan. So how does one interpret the mixed signals emanating from Washington over Iran?

In essence, the Bush administration is trying to accommodate two opposite views that are competing to fashion America’s relations with Iran. The Jewish lobby and the neoconservatives are advocating punitive measures against Iran’s nuclear programme, whereas the realists represented by the Baker-Hamilton study group are in the favour of engaging Iran. The

Baker-Hamilton group characterises the body of opinion held by the US establishment that believes the Bush administration has exceeded its mandate to the ‘Israel first’ agenda. It is evident that the Bush administration fearful of the upcoming US general elections has succumb to some of the demands of the Jewish lobby, hence a proportion of the suggestions outlined by the Iraq Study Group have  been deferred  to be pursued via back-door  diplomatic  channels.

It is unprecedented for the Jewish lobby to exercise so much influence on the US government through the manipulation of the media, think tanks and the congress. He executive director of the Jewish Institute for (Israeli) National Security Affairs (JINSA), Thomas Neumann said a few months back: “The administration today was stronger on Israel than any administration in my lifetime.”  Hilary Clinton felt the immediate power of the lobby when she was forced to retract her statement about engagement with Iran. Nevertheless, it must be stated hear that the Jewish lobby’s influences is restricted to certain issues pertaining to Israel’s security and nothing more.

With the UNSC set to review Iran’s compliance of its demands to halt uranium enrichment later this month, the struggle between the two camps has gained momentum. At present, the realists have managed to reduce the chance of war with Iran, and are manipulating the rhetoric and the military build-up to coerce the Iranian leadership into implementing US demands. These demands encompass Iran’s nuclear programme, and Iran’s involvement in Afghanistan, Iraq and Lebanon. These issues and will be discussed publicly with Iran when it is suitable for the US to do so—ultimately leading to the normalisation of relations between the two countries. This also explains why the Iranian leadership minus Ahmadinejad is undertaking actions that are in full agreement with US policy goals for the region and beyond: America is using Iran to achieve the following:-

1) Stabilise Southern Iraq and help the US accentuate the sectarian violence between Shias and Sunnis.

2) Stabilise Northern and Western Afghanistan, and prevent the Pushtun resistance from expanding its tentacles into these areas.

3) Stabilise Lebanon and reduce the influence of European powers by using Hizbollah.

4) Strike fear in the GCC countries about Shia Iran’s hegemonic ambitions and tie them into a  new security pact that places the security of oil fields in American hands.

5) Galvanise Sunni states to formalise relations with Israel.

6) Use Iran’s nuclear threat to establish missile defence bases in Poland and Czechoslovakia. In Eastern Europe, the Bush administration’s aim is to shore up America’s ability to check Russian expansion westward. On 9 Feb 2007, Secretary of Russian National Security Council was critical of US plans and said that there was no rationale for basing American

antimissile radars and interceptors in former Soviet satellite states that have now joined the NATO alliance.

7) Perpetuate Shia-Sunni divisions across the region in preparation for the emergence of a Shia Crescent.. Even if the Bush administration decides to undertake military action against Iran, it will be limited and designed to appease the ‘Israel first supporters’ as well as preserve Iran’s capability to ensure that Tehran can accomplish the above goals. Besides, military strikes will strengthen the Iranian regime and enable it to fuel Shia uprisings across the Middle East—bringing the US a step closer to its penultimate goal of placing the oil fields of Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf countries under Shia control. The other goal is to use Iran as a bulwark against the future Caliphate.


Officially the Bush administration depicts Syria as an international pariah state and eschews all forms of public contact with Assad’s regime. The administration argues that Syria’s support for Hizbollah and Palestinian militants, its interference in Lebanon and its encouragement of militants in Iraq is highly irresponsible and not conducive to regional peace and

stability. However, away from public scrutiny the US government wears a different lens and views Syria as an important surrogate that is needed to reduce insecurity in Iraq, and safeguard US interests in Lebanon and Israel.

Over the past two years the US has been secretly orchestrating talks between Syria and Israel to settle the matter of Golan Heights. The Israeli paper Ha'aretz said the meetings, held in Europe, began in September 2004 initiated by the Syrians. They involved Alon Liel, a former director general of Israel's foreign ministry, Geoffrey Aronson of the Foundation for Middle

East Peace in Washington, and Ibrahim Suleiman, a Syrian businessman living in Washington who is from the same Alawite sect as the Syrian president, Bashar Assad. The paper further states that a document was drawn up dated August 2005, covering security, water, borders and normalisation of ties. It called for a demilitarised zone on the Golan Heights and an early warning post on Mount Hermon operated by the US, with military zones on each country's side. The paper also confirmed that US Vice President Dick Cheney was kept abreast of the talks. President Assad of Syria has even tried to convert the secret talks into a formal peace process with Israel but has been rebuffed both by Tel Aviv and Washington. In many ways the Bush administration’s approach mentioned above echoes some of the recommendation put forward by the ISG. However, the need for Jewish votes in 2008 has made it difficult for the Bush administration to designate the talks the official status it deserves.

Over in Lebanon, the Syrian presence directly contributed to the protection of US interests, since the Taif agreement in 1989. Nevertheless, the insinuation of Syrian officials in the assassination of Rafiq Hariri and the subsequent demands by EU, Israelis and Lebanese politicians for Syria to withdraw its troops   presented fresh challenges to American interests

in Lebanon.   The EU succeeded in Syria’s withdrawal from Lebanon and in consultation with the US imposed UN resolutions that stipulate the handover of senior Syrian officials—many of them close to Assad—to be tried by a tribunal under the auspices of the UN. Furthermore, the resolutions demand cessation of support to Hizbollah and for Syria to respect Lebanon’s sovereignty.

These resolutions and the assassinations of prominent politicians have deeply divided Lebanon into pro-American and pro-EU camps. The Lebanese President Emile Lahoud and Speaker of the Parliament Nabih Berry have repeatedly thwarted Fouad Siniora’s attempts to cast parliamentary  votes to legalise the jurisdiction of the UN tribunal, whereas the mass demonstration by Hizbollah have sought to embarrass Siniora’s government internationally. At present the US is relying on Hizbollah, pro-US Lebanese politicians and Syria to diminish the influence of Europe (Britain and France) in Lebanon. It is unlikely for the US to completely relinquish Syria’s control over Lebanon and its support for Hizbollah until some sort of compromise is reached between the US and the EU that protects Assad’s regime as well as US interests in Lebanon.

In Iraq, the public perception is that Syria is encouraging Islamic fighters to cross over into Iraq to undermine the authority of the Iraqi government. The reality is that Syria has played an active role in infiltrating such Islamists and passing on valuable intelligence to the US led coalition. Moreover, it is an acknowledged fact that Syria enjoys limited influence over the Sunni resistance fighters operating in Iraq— a point emphasised by the ISG report. Syria does have some influence over the Baathists. And after Saddam’s execution, Damascus is working hard to drive a wedge between the Baathists and the Sunni militants who have offered material assistance to Baathists in exchange for their support for Islam. Added to this effort, the Syrians have restored full diplomatic relations with Iraq after an absence of 24 years. So behind the scenes, Syria has extended its cooperation to the US in many ways. The US has gradually begun to engage Syria over the issue of Iraqi refugees and it is expected that as the Bush plan in Iraq falters, the contact between the two countries will expand to encompass most, if not all the issues.

For over fifty-years the US has depended on the rulers and the resources of the Muslims world to achieve its status as the world’s sole super power. Indeed without the support of rulers and resources of the Muslim world, America could not have won any of the gulf war or defeated the Soviets in Afghanistan and won the cold war. Ironically, while America’s staunch

allies like Israel and Europe are putting out the knives for the US, the Muslims rulers are pulling out all stops to preserve America’s hegemony over the Muslim ummah. How long America’s primacy in the region continues on life-support depends entirely upon how quickly the Muslim world re-establishes the caliphate.

Reader Comments:

Your Opinion

Hello Mr. Mustafa,

I read your article Bush's plan for Iraq and the Middle East. It sounds like some facts mixed with a lot of biased opinion and speculation.

I guess this is one of the reasons why Muslims thing this is a "War against Islam".

I find it very telling that the Muslims here in the US actually follow the Holy Qur'an and in the Middle East they twist it to their liking to justify almost anything.

Its articles like yours that fills the Middle East with suspicions about America. Americans do not want anything except peace and freedom and if it wasn't for the extremists in this world, from ALL religions and "media", there would be peace and freedom everywhere.

Your agenda clearly motivates what you write.

What is your agenda?

May God be with you!

Ronald A Fante, Pakistan - 16 February, 2007

Your Opinion

Mr. Ronald A Fante to have a peace in this world is not possible when huge multi-nationals got to sell their armaments to developing world to retain their high standards. Sometime media is biased and not filing true picture. Sometime reporting is censored by Governments, there freedom of press fails but not the media. First it was Cold War then Communisim and all of a sudden Al-Quieeda, WMD including Islamist terrorists and what next. Words are used to wage wars and create hatred by US and west. Muslims are not using the word of Christian terrorist because they respect Christianity and love them as much as themselves. Why picking on a religion? Only US President can answer this question. Possibly he will pick up some other words to carry on with the wars against developing countries. Iran is threatened because they have Civil Nuclear technology when US got more bombs than any country on this planet. Why pick on Iran. Why not on Russia, China, India, Israel or Pakistan? Only US got answers no one else. World powers are coming up like China and India and balance will be shared and then US policy got to change. Not long way to go soon we will see modes changing. Russia is offering civil nuclear technology to Middle Eastern States and see what is US reaction on this offer.

mohammad, United Arab Emirates - 16 February, 2007

A very sensible article.

There is substantial weight in the views and opinion in this article.

The whole thing is a repeat or replay of the events immediately after first world war.The super power British empire, after winning , wasted no time in starting military operations against the Islamic world.Germany was defeated and thought to be dead for ever. Then was started a powerful military manouvers under the disguise of Lawrence of Arabia to finish off the ottomans.

Oil was the motive and the main resistence to the Brits came from the Suni belt of Falujah area of Iraq.The Kurds as expected truckled to the Brits. And there were born Lawrence of Arabia cults monarchies like in Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Egypt as proxy presence of the west.

The circumstances in middle east are exactly as they were immediately after first world war.Russia lost its empire in 1990 like Germany lost the first world war. Germany bounced back and re rose to challenge the imperialists again in second world war.The main reason, why Germany bounced back like Russia and china are successfully doing today, was that the west was got too much embroiled in Iraq and Islamic world to contain and colonize it again. Germany found it a ripe opportunity to regroup and re-assemble the lost capabilities as the west was only obsessed in containg the Islamic world, to control its oil and to get some satisfation of the all time present urge of crusade.

Germany bounced back and bounced back much stronger. It really had won the second world war if it did not entangle itself with the historic spoiler Russia.Russia had spoiled it for Napolean by breaking his winning streaks and exhausting the Bonapart before the battle of Waterloo.Other wise the French would have emerged as the world's sole super power in stead of the British.Exhausted in Russia, Napolean lost in the decisive battle of Waterloo.Russia was the spoiler for Germany both in first and the second world war.In second world war, Churchill had completely given up after defeat in Dunkirk and the Americans were demonstrating in Europe telling their military with slogans like,"Yankees go home"

Russia and China along with India have embarked on creating multi-polar world again.They have the world's number one energy rich country Iran, in oil and gas combined, on their side as well.They have ordered procurement of nuclear and conventional weapons worth hundreds of billions of dollars and are even seeking(with Russia's lead)chunk of energy pie in the straddling oil reserves of Iraq and Kuwait.Mr Putin clearly asked the king of Jordan his help in making his breakthrough there besides his quite successful and rewarded trip to Saudi Arabia.

America and the west desperately need control on the energy resources of at least four out of the seven energy giants of the world for the sustained survival of their economies in future. I think that they could do that by peaceful means and not by war. Middle east hates America for its military adventures going on in the Islamic world, but loves America and europe for just about any thing else.

So, the things are exactly the same as they were after first world war.Control of oil of Iraq and Kuwait, besides that of Saudi Arabia and Abu dhabi is just must for the west and that is the reason that the wars in middle east today are all about.

But, the whole mess has got so complicated and intricate that it's gonna be tough nut to crack for any body.You balance one thing and ten more things are spoiled. You talk of independent Kurdistan and you have united Turkey, Iran and Syria as your common enemies.And there you kill your only convenient and success laden invasion routes.And creation of Kurdistan finishes of Turkey as it looses one third to one fourth of population plus one third area plus all its oil reserves and refineries plus its connection to middle east and Asia.And without Kurdistan, you loose the invasion route to Iran leaving Pakistan as the only choice for use.




Anwar Mahmood, Canada - 16 February, 2007

Ideology from the West

Mr. Mahmood:
It is interesting to see how many of you are living in the West, yet, at the same time, you seem to have carried the baggage of anti-Americanism and anti-Israel hostilities with you.

Then, we in the West wonder why those like you. or your children, are so easily radicalized.

Please. You have a computer. Take the time to look at the world from another point of view rather than consistently looking through the lens of ideology and hatred for the West, namely America, and Israel. Perhaps, as a beginning, you could google 'causes for WWI' or something like that.

It is frightening to me how many of you come to our Countries here in the West, with your radical views still very much intact and unquestioned.

Ayasha, United Kingdom - 20 February, 2007

Bush is heading towards hiiting a brick-wall in Iraq.

Iraq is likely to emerge chastened from sectarian conflicts after Bush might hit his head against a brick-wall. Iran will learn a bitter lesson from its avoidable conflict with Bush and will keep its fingers from the blaze in Israel. The issue of Israel is tied with the coming of the Messiah - the Masih Isa ibn Maryam!

Sher Mohammad, Pakistan - 21 February, 2007

Bush’s plan

I do like your personal opinion and view saying that "many of you are living in the West, yet, at the same time, you seem to have carried the baggage of anti-Americanism and anti-Israel hostilities with you." Perhaps you fail to understand that there is a difference between right and wrong and when the world opinion was against the war in Iraq and Afghanistan and majority of the people who voiced against that attack were Westerners who went out in the streets in all big cities around the world and said Bush is wrong and must not go but he did not listen. Majority did not support. In a democratic system one can give opinion and voice, protest and do whatever like while not breaching the law of the land. Britain is pulling out forces from Iraq and so is Denmark.Others will also pull out because they could not achieve what they wanted and retreating. You have mentioned that those who give opinion they hate anyone that is not true. No one hates people of US or Israel as majority of the people are good its only the governments especially the Head of the States, they get the blame for what wrong they do inside and outside their countries.
I personally love all humans beings whether they are in the west or in the East. We live on one planet and must try to understand each other and not to harm. Life is only once and no second time.

mohammad, United Arab Emirates - 21 February, 2007

Bush invasion Oil and Democracy Plan

In both gulf wars UN told USA allied not to attack Iraq without UN permission. World
Public across Globe came out shouting slogan not to invade oilfields by killing civilian. Invading leaders and Church quoted Old Testament and old investment insisted that this is their war of Living standard via stolen asset and so called crazy bills.

Democracy bills by shoe throwing MPS senators from Hong Kong Taiwan Korea to Whitehouse are crazy bill collectors With WMD and 26000 own Nuke to seek asset by hook or crook by death destruction.

MPS are like Actors Ronald Reagan Swtznegger to Amitahbbachan Bollywood actors
And actress who take job as MPS because it helps pay bills in unemployment. Sectarian
Killing is needed like any other armed robbery to extract asset from Bank or from
Countries like Iraq Kuwait and Afghanistan oilfields or Iron ore field.UN nation resolution or world safety Bills are millions of meaningless Bills being passed by shoe throwing MPS daily in pursuit to run meaning less democracy meaningless election. They are collection of garbage writings called Bills of Legislation or Senate or congress or Zionists or India upper house or Municipal Mayorities bill to fill potholes road repair
Or find gas filling station oil.

Neither public nor Lawyers arriving in Court with boxes are functional. Imagine a Judge
Or UN secretary General or Bush or Blair or Dr Singh Sonia Gandhi Benazir Bhutto
Reading these junks pile of garbage bills to grasp before signing papers or making decision? Signing papers without grasping content of bill is show biz , a balancing
Act to cater voters and public opinion and image as an MP or as a Senator.

This is democracy this is Bill this is projection of Plan. In the interim killing continues
Amid armed robbery amid tons of bills of legislation called Democracy. World Public
And World Consensus world solutions remain at the hands of World CIC -G W Bush jr.
Others who are just shoe throwing bill makers shouting slogan using shoe bomb terrorists gimmick for own shortcoming.

b m z, Hungary - 23 February, 2007

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